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Flounder
A number of different species of flatfish or Flounder are found in coastal and ocean waters along the entire Atlantic coast of the U.S. Two of the most common flounder species are the Winter or Blackback Flounder, the Summer Flounder or Fluke, which is one of the larger Flounder species.


All Flounder have a similar body anatomy; They have eyes on one side of the head, and, for this characteristic they are able to rest on the ocean bottom and look upward.

Winter Flounder principally live in shallow inshore waters during the colder months of the year and in the summer time, they migrate to deeper and cooler ocean waters. Winter Flounder are most abundant during the colder months of the year. Fluke have a migratory pattern opposite that of winter Flounder. Fluke migrate offshore to ocean waters 200 to 500 feet deep during the winter time and they move inshore to shallow warmer waters during the summer time.

Winter Flounder usually can grow up to 8 lb, and it can be found in the western Atlantic from Labrador south to Georgia.

Summer Flounder is found from Maine to northern Florida; this flatfish reaches a weight of 26 lb.
Fluke
Summer Flounder or Fluke is one of the larger Flounder species.
Generally they are white below and darker above, but they can turn various shades of gray, blue, green,orange and almost black; in fact they are called the chameleons of the sea because of their ability to change color to match the bottom on which they are found.


The Fluke reaches a weight of 26 lb, and is usually marked with dark spots (ocelli).

Like other species of flat fish, the Fluke have both eyes on one side of its head and, for characteristic it is able to rest on the ocean bottom and look up.

The flatfish is found in coastal waters from the southern gulf of Maine to Florida.
Porgy
The porgy is an Atlantic fish found from New England through Florida and the Bahamas. There are 2 primary species known as the scup and the jolthead. The jolthead porgy is found further south than the scup porgy. The scup averages a couple of pounds while the jolthead porgy is bigger with some of these fish growing larger than 8 pounds.
Sea Bass
Black sea bass inhabit Atlantic coastal waters from the Gulf of Maine to the Florida Keys, concentrating in areas from Cape Cod, Massachusetts to Cape Canaveral, Florida. Two distinct stocks of black sea bass exist along the Atlantic coast with overlapping ranges. The northern stock migrates seasonally and spawns off of New England in the late summer. The southern stock spawns off of Chesapeake Bay in the early summer. Atemperate reef fish, black sea bass commonly inhabit rock bottoms near pilings, wrecks, and jetties. Black sea bass rely on their large mounth and swift ocean currents to catch prey, which include fish, crabs, mussels, and razor clams. Black sea bass summer in northern inshore waters at depths of less than 120 feet and winter in southern offshore waters at depths of 240 to 540 feet.

Young sea bass migrate into estuaries, bays and sounds. They seek shelter in a variety of habitats such as submerged aquatic vegetation, oyster reefs, and man-made structures.

Anglers commonly catch fish using squid and natural bait.
Striped Bass
The body of the Striped Bass is elongate and slightly condensed. It has a narrow head, and a large mouth with small teeth. The color is olive-green to dark blue on the back, silvery on the sides, and white below. There are 6 to 9 horizontal dark stripes on the side.


The common weight is 3 lb. - 15 lb.

The Striped Bass is found in the Atlantic Ocean and associated rivers from St. Lawrence River to St. Johns River, Florida. Most abundant from Hudson River to Chesapeake Bay.

Striped Bass travel in schools and are most abundant in coastal ocean waters, inshore bays, and coastal rivers.
Tautog / Blackfish
Tautog are distributed along the Northeast Atlantic coast from Nova Scotia to Georgia, with the greatest abundances occurring in the U.S. between Cape Cod and Chesapeake Bay. They are generally found close to shore in water less than 60 feet deep north of Cape Cod, and up to 40 miles offshore at depths up to 60 feet south of the Cape.

Tautog thrive in areas with structured habitat. They are generally found around rocks and boulders in waters north of Long Island, and inhabit wrecks, jetties, natural and artificial reefs, and shellfish beds in the southern end of their range. Adults stay close to their preferred home site moving away only during the day to feed and returning at night where they become dormant and may actually sleep.

Fishing occurs primarily in the spring and fall, although wthere is an active fishery off the Birginia coast in the  winter and some Nid-Atlantic fishermen will pursue tautog year-round.
Weakfish
Weakfish is a member of the drum family, is so named because of its fragile mouth which permits a hook to tear out rather easily.
It is a really powerful swimmer and a strong fighter when hooked.


It reaches about 6 lb, but fishes over 19 lb have been caught.
The color is silvery overall, the back is dark olive-green and specked with many dark blotches.
This fish is found from Nova Scotia to northern Florida, in coastal waters, along shores and in estuaries.

The Weakfish forms small schools in shallow water, and feeds on shrimps and other crustaceans at the bottom, and on small fish at the surface.
Bluefish
Bluefish are one of the most important food fish of the Atlantic seaboard, and catching Bluefish is a very exciting sport.
The body of the Bluefish is elongate, moderately compressed, its head is large compared to body, and they have a large mouth, and protuberant and acute teeth.
The Bluefish can grow to over 50 lb.


They are voracious feeders that travel in large groups or schools, and they have been known to come close inshore and attack swimmers.

They are reported to feed until their bellies are full, regurgitate, and feed again as long as food is present.
Juvenile or young Bluefish that are only 4-6 months old are commonly called "Snappers".

Bluefish are found from Nova Scotia to Argentina, usually in surface waters near shore or offshore.
Drum Fish
The Black Drum is the largest member of the drum family.
The body of the Black Drum is moderately compressed, and it has high curved back. The color is gray or black, and its body is marked with 4 or 5 black bars on each side.
It can grow to over 110 lb, but the common size is 35 lb


This fish usually is found from Nova Scotia to Mexico; Brazil and Argentina.

Black Drums feed on oysters, shrimp and crabs, and uses its large chin barbel to help it locate these crustaceans and mollusks.